The FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division provides certification of fingerprints and/or IdHS information maintained in the FBI’s Criminal File to be used in court cases. Certified copies can only be requested by law enforcement entities.
As information, most court authorities take judicial notice of the FBI’s IdHS information and/or copy of the fingerprint card(s) as maintained by the CJIS Division as a valid criminal history of the record subject without requiring a certification. The information housed in the Next Generation Identification (NGI) System is submitted to the FBI by one or more of the following groups:
- The FBI’s NGI System: Arrest information maintained in the NGI System consists of federal and foreign offenders, persons arrested in U.S. territories, and criminal arrests that Interstate Identification Index (III) participants are unable to provide. This information is supported by the subject’s fingerprints and verified by fingerprint comparison. Certification of arrest information must come from the contributing agency; certification of convictions relating to this arrest information should be obtained from the court where the subject was tried.
- National Fingerprint File (NFF) Program participating state(s): Arrest information returned from NFF states is verified by fingerprint comparison. NFF states are responsible for the maintenance of their files. Certification of arrest information in an NFF record must come from the contributing agency; certification of convictions relating to this arrest information should be obtained from the court where the subject was tried.
- III (Non-NFF) state(s): Arrest information obtained directly from a non-NFF state is based solely on a match to a state identification number (SID) which matches a SID of a record in the NGI System. The FBI has not verified this information by fingerprints, and it is not maintained in the NGI System. Certification of arrest information in a non-NFF record must come from the contributing agency; certification of convictions relating to this arrest information should be obtained from the court where the subject was tried.
Responses to requests for certified copies of fingerprints and/or IdHS information will include the requested information (if available), a cover sheet signed by the FBI CJIS assistant director with a raised seal and ribbon, and a certificate of authenticity from the Director of the FBI giving the CJIS assistant director signature authority for the document. This is recognized in court proceedings as an official document.
Requests for certified copies of fingerprints and/or IdHS information must include an original court order signed by a judge, with the following exceptions:
- Written communications from FBI field offices;
- Written communications from U.S. attorney’s offices only on agency letterhead;
- Written communications from a foreign country for extradition purposes;
- Written communications from any law enforcement agency going to a foreign country for extradition purposes; and
- Electronic court orders.
To request certified copies of information, in addition to the original signed court order, the requesting agency must provide the following information on agency letterhead:
- Subject’s name and date of birth;
- FBI Universal Control Number;
- Type of request (i.e., fingerprints with required dates of arrest, IdHS, or both);
- Custodial status of the subject and location if subject is in custody;
- Purpose of the request (i.e., prosecution, extradition);
- Official name and title of requestor;
- Complete mailing address (no P.O. Boxes);
- Requestor telephone number;
- Requesting agency’s Originating Agency Identifier Number; and
- Court date.
Note: The Criminal History Analysis Team 1 requires a minimum of two weeks for the processing of a certified request once the original court order or required document has been received.
Please note that any documents reflecting a foreign language must be accompanied by an official translation of the document(s).
Requests for certified copies of information may be e-mailed to CK_CHAT_CHALLENGE@fbi.gov, but must also be mailed to the following address:
FBI CJIS Division
Attn: Criminal History Analysis Team 1/BTC-3
1000 Custer Hollow Road
Clarksburg, WV 26306
Any questions regarding the above requirements may be emailed to CK_CHAT_CHALLENGE@fbi.gov.
For non-certified copies of fingerprints and/or IdHS information, the Special Processing Center is available 24/7 to provide these copies to law enforcement entities and can be reached at 304-625-5584 or SPC@leo.gov
And then there are the medical codes. The story just keeps getting more Big Brother every day.
Did you ever try in the past two years to get a letter from your doctor giving you the necessary exemption from getting the COVID vaccination, and your doctor refused?
Evidently, doctors are being warned by state governments not to write letters concerning not getting the vaccine.
Also, medical records are being coded so that the government can track the unvaxxed.
BY Zachary Stieber
Zachary Stieber is a senior reporter for The Epoch Times based in Maryland. He covers U.S. and world news.
February 15, 2023 Updated: February 23, 2023
New medical diagnosis codes for COVID-19 immunization status have been added in the United States.
One code is for being “unvaccinated for COVID-19.”
That code “may be assigned when the patient has not received at least one dose of any COVID-19 vaccine,” the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which implemented the new codes in 2022, states in a document outlining the codes.
Another code is for being partially vaccinated or having received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine but not having received enough doses to meet the CDC’s definition of fully vaccinated.
The goal of the codes is “to track people who are not immunized or only partially immunized,” according to the CDC.
Experts say the codes don’t fit with the International Classification of Diseases, which has diagnoses for diseases and other reasons for health care visits.
“They’re treating nonvaccination as if this is a hazardous exposure that therefore merits being recorded as a medical exposure,” Dr. Harvey Risch, professor emeritus of epidemiology at the Yale School of Public Health, told The Epoch Times. “That’s never been done, to my knowledge.”
The CDC did not respond to requests for comment for this article.
The CDC proposed adding the codes to the international classification in September 2021.
“People have now been having immunizations for a number of months, and these provide protection for people who are immunized, but there has been interest expressed in being able to track people who are not immunized or who are only partially immunized,” Dr. David Berglund, a CDC medical officer, said during a meeting about the proposal.
“At the current time, there can be considered to be a significant modifiable risk factor for morbidity and for mortality, and it can be of interest for clinical reasons, as well as being of value for public health reasons, to be able to track this.”
COVID-19 hospitalization and death rates are higher among the unvaccinated, according to data published by the CDC. The data do not take into account key factors such as age or prior infection, and other figures show the vaccinated being hospitalized or dying at higher rates in some states.
The proposal was backed by meeting participants during the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting.
“I definitely think we would support this,” Kristin Balint, a supervisor at Trinity Health, said. “We are currently seeing physicians documenting ‘unimmunized for COVID-19’ in our records.”
Jeanne Yoder, representing the Defense Health Agency, envisioned adding additional codes later to indicate if a person was not vaccinated against each successive variant.
The organizations of the people who backed the proposal either did not respond to requests for comment or declined inquiries.
Three codes were added to the classification system on April 1, 2022.
Z28.310 is for being unvaccinated. Z28.311 is for being partially vaccinated. Z28.39 is for “other underimmunization status.” All fell under a new sub-sub category, “Underimmunization for COVID-19 status.”
The codes are grouped with already-existing codes related to vaccination. They include “immunization not carried out because of patient refusal.”
Another code introduced during the pandemic is for counseling related to “immunization safety.”
“I think it would be a good idea to be able to indicate that, for whatever reason, the vaccine was refused,” Valeria Bica, a clinical documentation specialist at Nemours AI duPont Hospital for Children, said during the meeting that featured the code proposals.
“I know that we track that for families where they’ve refused to vaccinate their children, for one reason or another. And certainly we’ve tried to re-educate and to keep trying to find opportunities to give the vaccines.”
The ICD was originally developed by the World Health Organization. U.S. authorities have their own version of the system. The COVID-19 immunization codes are not listed in the World Health Organization’s ICD.
All health care entities operating in the United States and covered by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act must use the U.S. version of the ICD. Coded ICD data from providers enable public health officials to “conduct many disease-related activities,” according to the CDC. The U.S. version is updated at least once a year.
The codes have multiple purposes. They let health care providers create a medical record, which can be used by future practitioners who take care of the patient. The system also facilitates billing.
Dr. Robert Malone, who first highlighted the codes on his Substack blog, said the new codes were concerning in light of how not being vaccinated has been used during the pandemic to deny patients health care services, such as organ transplants.
“That information will end up in the hands of insurers, who will use it to make decisions about what you’re going to have to pay for your insurance policy, whether or not you’re going to be qualified,” Malone said.
Risch said the information could be used to perform analyses on groups of deidentified data but questioned whether it would remain deidentified.
“Given how little we trust government agencies at this point and how stigmatizing, potentially stigmatizing this information is on individuals, nobody would rightly trust them to stay in their lane about using this in grouped information as opposed to individual,” Risch said. “What’s to stop the government from sharing this individual information with other agencies? With the FBI? With IRS? They say, ‘We don’t do that,’ and we say, ‘We don’t believe you.’
“And if they did it, what recourse would there ever be?”
The CDC in 2022 changed course and advised in COVID-19 guidelines that people were not to be treated differently on the basis of vaccination status “because breakthrough infections occur.” Breakthrough infections are infections that happen despite vaccination. The COVID-19 vaccines provide little to no protection against infection and transmission.
If any codes related to vaccine status were introduced, they should show whether a person was fully vaccinated, because some of those people end up with vaccine injuries, Risch said.
Dr. Todd Porter, a pediatrician in Illinois, said that he uses the long-existing code for refusal to immunize only if a parent declines to get their children all the childhood vaccines. He also questioned the introduction of the new codes.
“I have a hard time clinically seeing the medical indication of using them,” Porter told The Epoch Times in an email.
He noted that there’s no code for refusal to get the vaccine for influenza, which is deadlier for children than COVID-19.
“Using these codes also disregards the contribution of natural immunity, which research evidence shows is more robust than vaccine immunity,” Porter said. Because of the lack of protection against transmission and infectivity, and the lack of data showing protection against severe disease in children, “an individual’s vaccination status would be irrelevant,” he added.
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